A) See a doctor about her strained shoulder.
B) Use a ladder to help her reach the tea.
C) Replace the cupboard with a new one.
D) Place the tea on a lower shelf next time.
A) At Mary Johnson's.
B) At a painter's studio.
C) In an exhibition hall.
D) Outside an art gallery.
A) The teacher evaluated lacks teaching experience.
B) She does not quite agree with what the man said.
C) The man had better talk with the students himself.
D) New students usually cannot offer a fair evaluation.
A) He helped Doris build up the furniture.
B) Doris helped him arrange the furniture.
C) Doris fixed up some of the bookshelves.
D) He was good at assembling bookshelves.
A) He doesn't get on with the others.
B) He doesn't feel at ease in the firm.
C) He has been taken for a fool.
D) He has found a better position.
A) They should finish the work as soon as possible.
B) He will continue to work in the garden himself.
C) He is tired of doing gardening on weekends.
D) They can hire a gardener to do the work.
A) The man has to get rid of the used furniture.
B) The man's apartment is ready for rent.
C) The furniture is covered with lots of dust.
D) The furniture the man bought is inexpensive.
A) The man will give the mechanic a call.
B) The woman is waiting for a call.
C) The woman is doing some repairs.
D) The man knows the mechanic very well.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) She had a job interview to attend.
B) She was busy finishing her project.
C) She had to attend an important meeting.
D) She was in the middle of writing an essay.
A) Accompany her roommate to the classroom.
B) Hand in her roommate's application form.
C) Submit her roommate's assignment.
D) Help her roommate with her report.
A) Where Dr. Ellis's office is located.
B) When Dr. Ellis leaves his office.
C) Directions to the classroom building.
D) Dr. Ellis's schedule for the afternoon.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) He finds it rather stressful.
B) He is thinking of quitting it.
C) He can handle it quite well.
D) He has to work extra hours.
A) The 6:00 one.
B) The 6:30 one.
C) The 7:00 one.
D) The 7:30 one.
A) It is an awful waste of time.
B) He finds it rather unbearable.
C) The time on the train is enjoyable.
D) It is something difficult to get used to.
A) Reading newspapers.
B) Chatting with friends.
C) Listening to the daily news.
D) Planning the day's work.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Ignore small details while reading.
B) Read at least several chapters at one sitting.
C) Develop a habit of reading critically.
D) Get key information by reading just once or twice.
A) Choose one's own system of marking,
B) Underline the key words and phrases.
C) Make as few marks as possible.
D) Highlight details in a red color.
A) By reading the textbooks carefully again.
B) By reviewing only the marked parts.
C) By focusing on the notes in the margins.
D) By comparing notes with their classmates.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) The sleep a person needs varies from day to day.
B) The amount of sleep for each person is similar.
C) One can get by with a couple of hours of sleep.
D) Everybody needs some sleep for survival.
A) It is a made-up story.
B) It is beyond cure.
C) It is a rare exception.
D) It is due to an accident.
A) His extraordinary physical condition.
B) His mother's injury just before his birth.
C) The unique surroundings of his living place.
D) The rest he got from sitting in a rocking chair.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) She invested in stocks and shares on Wall Street.
B) She learned to write for financial newspapers.
C) She developed a strong interest in finance.
D) She tenderly looked after her sick mother.
A) She made a wise investment in real estate.
B) She sold her restaurant with a substantial profit.
C) She got 7.5 million dollars from her ex-husband.
D) She inherited a big fortune from her father.
A) She was extremely mean with her money.
B) She was dishonest in business dealings.
C) She frequently ill-treated her employees.
D) She abused animals including her pet dog.
Among the kinds of social gestures most significant for second-language teachers are those which are __26__ in form but different in meaning in the two cultures. For example, a Colombian who wants someone to __27__ him often signals with a hand movement in which all the fingers of one hand, cupped, point downward as they move rapidly __28__. Speakers of English have a similar gesture though the hand may not be cupped and the fingers may be held more loosely, but for them the gesture means goodbye or go away, quite the __29__ of the Colombian gesture. Again, in Colombia, a speaker of English would have to know that when he __30__ height he must choose between different gestures depending on whether he is __31__ a human being or an animal. If he keeps the palm of the hand __32__ the floor, as he would in his own culture when making known the height of a child, for example, he will very likely be greeted by laughter; in Colombia this gesture is __33__ for the description of animals. In order to describe human beings he should keep the palm of his hand __34__ to the floor. Substitutions of one gesture for the other often create not only humorous but also __35__ moments. In both of the examples above, speakers from two different cultures have the same gesture, physically, but its meaning differs sharply.
Part II Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, oneor more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation andthe questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be apause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), andD), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Now let’s begin with the eight shortconversations.
1. W: I can’t seem to reach the tea at the back of the cupboard.
M: Oh… Why don’t you use the ladder? You might strain your shoulder.
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
2. W: Since it’s raining so hard, let’s go and see the new exhibits.
M: That’s a good idea. Mary Johnson is one of my favorite painters.
Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
3. M: I hear the students gave the new teacher an unfair evaluation.
W: It depends on which student you are talking about.
Q: What does the woman imply?
4. W: It must have taken you a long time to fix up all these book shelves.
M: It wasn’t too bad. I got Doris to do some of them.
Q: What does the man mean?
5. W: Rod, I hear you’ll be leaving at the end of this month. Is it true?
M: Yeah. I’ve been offered a much better position with another firm. I’d be a fool to turn it down.
Q: Why is the man quitting his job?
6. W: I honestly don’t want to continue the gardening tomorrow, Tony?
M: Neither do I. But I think we should get it over with this weekend.
Q: What does the man mean?
7. W: You’ve already furnished your apartment?
M: I found some used furniture that was dirt cheap.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
8. W: Has the mechanic called the bus repairers?
M: Not yet .I’ll let you know when he calls.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
Now you’ll hear the two long conversations.
M: Hello. Matt Ellis speaking.
W: Hello, Dr. Ellis, my name’s Pan Johnson. My roommate, Janet Holmes, wanted me to call you.
M: Janet Holmes? Oh, that’s right. She’s in my Shakespearean English class. Has anything happened to her?
W: Nothing, it’s just that she submitted a job application yesterday and the company asked her in for an interview today. She’s afraid she won’t be able to attend your class this afternoon though. I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay. Janet said it’s due today.
M: Certainly, that would be fine. Uh, you can either drop it off at my class or bring it to my office.
W: Would it be all right to come by your office around 4:00? I’m afraid I can’t come any earlier because I have three classes this afternoon.
M: Uh, I won’t be here when you come. I’m supposed to be at a meeting from 3:00 to 6:00, but how about leaving it with my secretary? She usually stays until 5:00.
W: Fine, please tell her I’ll be there at 4:00. And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where your office is? Janet told me where your class is, but she didn’t give me directions to your office.
M: Well, I’m in Room 302 of the Gregory Building. I’ll tell my secretary to put the paper in my mail box, and I’ll get it when I return.
W: I sure appreciate it. Goodbye, Dr. Ellis.
M: Goodbye, Ms. Johnson.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. Why couldn’t the woman’s roommate attend the Shakespearean English class that afternoon?
10. What favor is the woman going to do for her roommate?
11. What does the woman want to know at the end of the conversation?
W: How are things going, Roald?
M: Not bad, Jane. I’m involved in several projects and it’s a long working day. But I’m used to that so it doesn’t bother me too much.
W: I heard you have moved to a new house in the suburb. How do you like commuting to London every day? Don’t you find it a string?
M: It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train. But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to it.
W: Don’t you think it’s an awful waste of time? I couldn’t bear to spend three hours sitting in a train every day.
M: I used to feel the same as you. But now I quite enjoy it.
W: How do you pass the time? Do you bring some work with you to do on the train?
M: Ah, that’s a good question. In the morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news. On the way home at night, I relax with a good book or chat with friends or even have a game of bridge.
W: I suppose you know lots of people on the train now.
M: Yes, I bumped into someone I know on the platform every day. Last week I came across a couple of old school friends and we spend the entire journey in the bar.
W: It sounds like a good club. You never know. I may join it too.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
12. What does the man say about his job?
13. Which train does the man take to work every day?
14. How does the man feel about commuting to work every day now?
15. How does the man spend his time on the morning train?
Directions: In this section, you will hear3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Boththe passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a singleline through the centre.
Most American college students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary because full-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. They don't have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading.
An extraordinarily important study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the main ideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange. Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students write questions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill, but it's important to do it right. First, read a chapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second, read a whole paragraph before you mark anything. Don't mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10% of a passage. Third, decide on your own system for marking. For example, maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and new words in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don't understand something and before an exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time.
16. What should American college students do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?
17. What suggestion does the speaker give about marking a textbook?
18. How should students prepare for an exam according to the speaker?
The thought of having no sleep for 24 hours or more isn't a pleasant one for most people. The amount of sleep that each person needs varies. In general, each of us needs about 8 hours of sleep each day to keep us healthy and happy. Some people, however, can get by with just a few hours of sleep at night.
It doesn't matter when or how much a person sleeps. But everyone needs some rest to stay alive. Few doctors would have thought that there might be an exception to this. Sleep is, after all, a very basic need. But a man named Al Herpin turned out to be a real exception, for supposedly, he never slept!
Al Herpin was 90 years old when doctors came to his home in New Jersy. They hoped to challenge the claim that he never slept. But they were surprised. Though they watched him every hour of the day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. He did not even own a bed. He never needed one.
The closest that Herpin came to resting was to sit in a rocking chair and read a half dozen newspapers. His doctors were puzzled by the strange case of permanent sleeplessness. Herpin offered the only clue to his condition. He remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he had been born. Herpin died at the age of 94, never, it seems, having slept at all.
19. What is taken for granted by most people?
20. What do doctors think of Al Herpin's case?
21. What could have accounted for Al Herpin's sleeplessness?
Hetty Green was a very spoiled, only child. She was born in Massachusetts USA in 1835. Her father was a millionaire businessman. Her mother was often ill, and so from the age of two her father took her with him to work and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of six she started reading the daily financial newspapers and opened her own bank account. Her father died when she was 21 and she inherited 7.5 million dollars. She went to New York and invested on Wall Street. Hetty saved every penny, eating in the cheapest restaurants for 15 cents. She became one of the richest and most hated women in the world. At 33 she married Edward Green, a multi-millionaire, and had two children, Ned and Sylvia.
Hetty’s meanness was well-known. She always argued about prices in shops. She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken biscuits which were much cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much loved dog. Once she lost a two-cent stamp and spent the night looking for it. She never bought clothes and always wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when her son, Ned, fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay for a doctor and spent hours looking for free medical help. In the end Ned lost his leg. When she died in 1916 she left her children 100 million dollars. Her daughter built a hospital with her money.
22. What do we learn about Hetty Green as a child?
23. How did Hetty Green become rich overnight?
24. Why was Hetty Green much hated?
25. What do we learn about Hetty's daughter?
Directions: In this section, you will heara passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you shouldlisten carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the secondtime, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should checkwhat you have written.
Now listen to the passage.
Tests may be the most unpopular part ofacademic life. Students hate them because they produce fear and anxiety aboutbeing evaluated, and focus on grades instead of learning for learning’s sake.
But tests are also valuable. Awell-constructed test identifies what you know and what you still need tolearn. Tests help you see how your performance compares to that of others. Andknowing that you’ll be tested on a body of material is certainly likely tomotivate you to learn the material more thoroughly.
However, there’s another reason you mightdislike tests: You may assume that tests have the power to define your worth asa person. If you do badly on a test, you may be tempted to believe that you’vereceived some fundamental information about yourself from the professor, informationthat says you’re a failure in some significant way.
This is a dangerous—andwrong-headed—assumption. If you do badly on a test, it doesn’t mean you are abad person or stupid. Or that you’ll never do better again, and that your lifeis ruined. If you don’t do well on a test, you’re the same person you werebefore you took the test — no better, no worse. You just did badly on a test.That’s it.
In short, tests are not a measure of yourvalue as an individual — they are a measure only of how well and how much youstudied. Tests are tools; they are indirect and imperfect measures of what weknow.
1. B 本题考查计划或者建议。考点在第二个男士的提议。Use a ladder to help her reach the tea. strain: v.表示拉伸，扭伤，strain your shoulder 拉伤肩膀。
2. D 本题考查对话场景。通过女士提到的“new exhibits”和男士提到的“favorite painters”可推出：Outside an art gallery.
3. B 本题考查语义推断。考点在第二个女士的回应，面对男士的说法，她并没有表示认同，而是婉转表达了质疑。“unfair evaluation”意思是“不公平的评价”。
4. C 2014年6月四级听力短对话解析：本题考查事实细节。考点在第二个男士的话。原文中男士说的 “do some of them”指的就是修理书架。
5. D 本题考查因果关系。考点在第二个男士所解释的原因。“position”即“职位”， “firm”即“公司”，“turn down”是拒绝的意思，与问题中的“quit”即“放弃，辞职”的意思相同。
6. A 本题考查转折关系。考点在第二个男士语义转折之后的内容。选项 中的“finish”同义替换原文中的 “get it over”，而 “as soon as possible”则改写了 “within this weekend”.
7. D 本题考查事实细节。考点在第二个男士所说的话，习惯用语 “dirt cheap”就是“很便宜，白菜价”的意思。选项D中的 “inexpensive”同义改写了“dirt cheap”。
8. B 本题考查语义推断。考点要结合女士的提问和男士的回答。“mechanic”指“机械工”，“bus repairers”指“公车修理师”。
9. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：前2句都是礼节性问答，第3句开始出现新人物 “Janet Holmes”, 即考点预警信号。关键信息就是女士接下来的回答： submitted a job application提交工作申请，asked her in for an interview 通知她面试，对应A选项：She had a job interview to attend.
10. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：前文刚刚提到“Janet Holmes”所遇到的问题(因面试不能上课交作业)，接着就提到了解决这一问题的方法，关键听取原文中“I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay.”对应选项C：Submit her roommate’s assignment。
11. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：从四个选项都以特殊疑问词开头的特征可以预判，本题考点是某人的疑问。关键信息是女士在最后所提到的问题：“And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where your office is?”对应选项A. Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located.
12. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：第一题完全符合“前3句出考点”的套路，考点信息出现在明显的信号词 “But”之后：“But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to it”。 bearable 表示可以忍受的，be used to 表示为习惯做某事。对应选项C：He can handle it quite well.
13. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：本题考查时间细节，所听即所选。关键信息是“It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train” 对应选项B：The 6:30 train.
14. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：本题考点再次出现在明显信号词But之后：“But now I quite enjoy it.”对应选项C：The time on the train is enjoyable
15. 2014年6月四级听力长对话解析：长对话最后一题往往对应整个对话的结尾部分。女士最后问男士在车上如何消磨时光，男士的回答则是考点信息：“In the morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news.”对应选项A：Reading newspapers.
16. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：根据短文理解“前3句出考点”原则，如果本文前1、2句的因果关系没有成为考点，考点则顺延到第3句和第4句，关键信息为“They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading.” extract表示提取、选取， 对应选项D：Get key information by reading just once or twice.
17. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：从第二段开始，marking skill被反复提到，无疑是重要考点。就做标记的技巧，作者一共提了3个建议，其中 “Third, decide on your own system for marking”几乎完整地被选项A照搬下来：Choose one's own system of marking. 根据所听基本即所选原则，答案就是A。
18. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：最后一题考察了转折结构，考点信息出现在明显的信号词 ‘Instead”之后：“Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time.”对应选项B：By reviewing only the marked parts.
19.2014年6月四级听力短文解析：答案出现在明显的信号词 “But”之后，即：“But everyone needs some rest to stay alive.”对应选项D：Everybody needs some sleep for survival.
20. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：答案出现在明显的信号词 “But”之后，即：“But a man named Al Herpin turned out to be a rare exception”对应选项C：It is a rare exception. rare表示稀有的，少见的。
21. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：根据顺序出题原则，本题对应文章结尾部分。文章最后提到医生对Al Herpin不用睡觉感到困惑，紧接着就解释了原因。 “clue”（表示线索）是本题的考点信号词，随后就是考点信息:“He remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he had been born.” 对应选项B：His mother's injury just before his birth.22. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：本题略有难度。考点即没有出现在前3句话，也没有出现在明显的信号词之后，但是只要提前记好了本题关键词，根据“所听基本即所选”原则还是可以找到答案C：She developed a strong interest in finance. 该选项对应原文信息 “At the age of six she started reading the daily financial newspapers and opened her own bank account.”
23. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：本题略有难度。考点紧跟在上一题考点句之后，即 “Her father died when she was 21 and she inherited 7.5 million dollars.”对应选项D. She inherited a big fortune from her father.
24. 2014年6月四级听力短文解析：本题难度较大。错误选项中的细节有较强干扰性，但如果考生对最后一段的整体结构有所把握，并且知道第一句中提到的“meanness”的意思，即：吝啬，小气，就能理解后文内容都属于次要信息，是对meanness的举例说明。对应选项A. She was extremely mean with her money.
25.2014年6月四级听力短文解析：本题考点就是本文最后一句话 “her daughter built a hospital with her money”对应选项B. She built a hospital with her mother's money.
28. back and forth
31. referring to
32. parallel to
34. at a right angle