Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
A) Get some small change.
B) Find a shopping center.
C) Cash a check at a bank.
D) Find a parking meter.
A) Shopping with his son.
B) Buying a gift for a child.
C) Promoting a new product.
D) Bargaining with a salesgirl.
A) Taking photographs.
B) Enhancing images.
C) Mending cameras.
D) Painting pictures.
A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young.
B) He can provide little useful information.
C) He will show the woman around Baltimore.
D) He will ask someone else to help the woman.
A) He is rather disappointed.
B) He is highly ambitious.
C) He can’t face up to the situation
D) He knows his own limitation.
A) She must have paid a lot
B) She is known to have a terrific figure.
C) Her gym exercise has yielded good results.
D) Her effort to keep fit is really praiseworthy.
A) Female students are unfit for studying physics.
B) He can serve as the woman’s tutor.
C) Physics is an important course at school.
D) The professor’s suggestion is constructive.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) He prefers the smaller evening classes.
B) He has signed up for a day course.
C) He has to work during the day.
D) He finds the evening course cheaper.
A) Learn a computer language.
B) Learn data processing.
C) Buy some computer software.
D) Buy a few coursebooks.
A) Thursday evening, from 7:00 to 9:45.
B) From September 1 to New Year’s eve.
C) Every Monday, lasting for 12 weeks.
D) Three hours a week, 45 hours in total.
A) What to bring for registration.
B) Where to attend the class.
C) How he can get to Frost Hall.
D) Whether he can use a check.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) A training coach.
B) A trading adviser.
C) A professional manager.
D) A financial trader.
A) He can save on living expenses.
B) He considers cooking creative.
C) He can enjoy healthier food.
D) He thinks take-away is tasteless.
A) It is something inevitable.
B) It is frustrating sometimes.
C) It takes patience to manage.
D) It can be a good thing.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) There were no planets without moons.
B) There was no air or water on Jupiter.
C) Life was not possible in outer space.
D) The mystery of life could not be resolved.
A) It has a number of active volcanoes.
B) It has an atmosphere like the earth’s.
C) It has a large ocean under its surface.
D) It has deep caves several miles long.
A) Light is not an essential element to it.
B) Life can form in very hot temperatures.
C) Every form of life undergoes evolution.
D) Oxygen is not needed for some life forms.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Whether they should take the child home.
B) What Dr. Mayer’s instructions exactly were.
C) Who should take care of the child at home.
D) When the child would completely recover.
A) She encourages them to ask questions when in doubt.
B) She makes them write down all her instructions.
C) She has them act out what they are to do at home.
D) She asks them to repeat what they are supposed to do.
A) It lacks the stability of the printed word.
B) It contains many grammatical errors.
C) It is heavily dependent on the context.
D) It facilitates interpe
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Job security.
B) Good labour relations.
C) Challenging work.
D) Attractive wages and benefits.
A) Many tedious jobs continue to be done manually.
B) More and more unskilled workers will lose jobs.
C) Computers will change the nature of many jobs.
D) Boring jobs will gradually be made enjoyable.
A) Offer them chances of promotion.
B) Improve their working conditions.
C) Encourage them to compete with each other.
D) Give them responsibilities as part of a team.
A) They will not bring real benefits to the staff.
B) They concern a small number of people only.
C) They are arbitrarily set by the administrators.
D) They are beyond the control of ordinary workers.
In the humanities, authors write to inform you in many ways. These methods can be (36) ______ into three types of informational writing: factual, descriptive, and process.
Factual writing provides (37) ______ information on an author, composer, or artist or on a type of music, literature, or art. Examples of factual writing include notes on a book jacket or (38) ______ cover and longer pieces, such as an article describing a style of music which you might read in a music (39) ______ course. This kind of writing provides a (40) ______ for your study of the humanities.
As its name (41) ______, descriptive writing simply describes, or provides an (42) ______ of, a piece of music, art, or literature. For example, descriptive writing might list the colors an artist used in a painting or the (43) ______ a composer included in a musical composition, so as to make pictures or sounds in the reader’s mind by calling up specific details of the work. (44) ________.
Process writing explains a series of actions that bring about a result. (45) ________. This kind of writing is often found in art, where understanding how an art has created a certain effect is important. (46) _________. .
Man: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter.
Woman: I’m sorry. But I think you can get it through the money changer, in the shopping center across the street.
Question: What is the man trying to do?
Man: Can you recommend something that a school boy of seven or eight will really like?
Woman: I suggest this toy train, sir. It’s an excellent brand, very popular, all over the world these days.
Question: What is the man doing?
Woman: Do you let people know when you are taking pictures of them?
Man: I try not to. You know, any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural.
Question: What are the speakers talking about?
Woman: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well. I’m told you lived there.
Man: Oh, but I was really young at the time.
Question: What does the man mean?
Woman: Aren’t you disappointed that you didn’t get the promotion?
Man: Maybe a little. But I know I need more experience before I’m ready for that kind of responsibility.
Question: What do we learn about the man from this conversation?
Woman: I’ve been working out the gym since January. I was a bit out of shape.
Man: You look terrific! It seems that your effort has paid off.
Question: What does the man imply about the woman?
Woman: Prof. Clark suggested that I get a tutor for advanced physics.
Man: Well, that might help. Advanced physics is a pretty difficult course.
Question: What does the man mean?
Woman: Bill, have you heard the latest news? It appears we two won’t be laid off after all.
Man: Oh, I’m somewhat tired of working here. I’ve been wondering whether I should resign. Anyway, the news seems to be good for you.
Question: How does the man feel about the news?
Woman: Hello, Parkson college. May I help you?
Man: Yes. I’m looking for information on courses in computer programming. I would need it for the fall semester.
W: Do you want a day or evening course?
M: Well, it would have to be an evening course since I work during the day.
W: Aha. Have you taken any courses in data processing?
W: Oh. Well, data processing is a course you have to take before you can take computer programming.
M: Oh, I see. Well, when is it given? I hope it’s not on Thursdays.
W: Well, there’s a class that meets on Monday evenings at seven.
M: Just once a week?
W: Yes. But that’s all most three hours from seven to nine forty-five.
M: Oh. Well, that’s all right. I could manage that. How many weeks does the course last?
W: Mmmm, let me see. Twelve weeks. You start the first week in September, and finish, oh, Just before Christmas. December 21st.
M: And how much is the course?
W: That’s three hundred dollars including the necessary computer time.
M: Aha. Okay. Ah, where do I go to register?
W: Registration is on the second and third of September, between 6 and 9 in Frost Hall.
M: Is that the round building behind the parking lot?
W: Yes. That’s the one.
M: Oh, I know how to get there. Is there anything that I should bring with me?
W: No, just your check book.
M: Well, thank you very much.
W: You are very welcome. Bye!
19. Why does the man choose to take an evening course?
20. What does the man have to do before taking the course of computer programming?
21. What do we learn about the schedule of the evening course?
22. What does the man want to know at the end of the conversation?
W: So, why exactly does your job have a reputation for being stressful?
M: Stress is generally driven by the feeling of being out of control of a situation, and the feeling of a situation controlling you. Trading in financial markets combines both.
W: How do you relax in the evening?
M: I very rarely do anything work related. So it’s easy to escape the markets. I generally go to the gym or go for a run, especially If I’ve had a bad day. I always cook a meal rather than have a takeaway. To do something my brain would regard as creative.
W: Do you think what you do to relax is an effective way to beat stress?
M: I don’t think there’s a specific rule about how to beat stress. I generally find that what I do is effective for me.
W: Would you consider changing your job because of the high stress factor?
M: I have considered leaving my job due to stress related factors. However, I do think that an element of stress is a good thing, and if used the right way, can actually be a positive thing.
W: What do you enjoy about the stressful aspects of your job?
M: Having said all that, I do actually enjoy an element of uncertainty. I enjoy a mental challenge. Trading generates a wide range of emotions second by second. How you deal with and manage those emotions dictates short, medium and long term trading performance and success.
23. What is the man’s job?
24. Why does the man prefer to cook a meal rather than have a takeaway?
25. What does the man say about an element of stress in his job?
Since early times, people have been fascinated with the idea of life existing somewhere else besides earth. Until recently, scientists believed that life on other planet was just a hopeful dream. But now they are beginning to locate places where life could form. In 1997, they saw evidence of planets near other stars like the sun. But scientists now think that life could be even nearer in our own solar system. One place scientists are studying very closely is Europa, a moon of Jupiter. Space probes have provided evidence that Europa has a large ocean under its surface. The probes have also made the scientists think that under its surface Europa has a rocky core giving off volcanic heat. Water and heat from volcanic activity are two basic conditions needed for life to form. A third is certain basic chemicals such as carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. Scientists believe there might be such chemicals lying at the bottom of Europa’s ocean. They may have already created life, or maybe about to. You may wonder if light is also need for life to form. Until recently, scientists thought that light was essential. But now, places have been found on earth that are in total in blackness, such as caves several miles beneath the ocean. And bacteria, primitive forms of life have been seen there. So the lack of light in Europa’s subsurface ocean doesn’t automatically rule out life forming.
26. What did scientists once believe according to the passage?
27. What have scientists found about Europa, a moon of Jupiter?
28. What have scientists come to know recently about the formation of life?
In her early days as an emergency room physician, Dr. Joanna Meyer treated a child who had suffered a second degree burn. After the child had been treated, and was being prepared for discharge, Dr. Meyer talked to the parents about how they should care for the child at home, also listening to her were half a dozen family members. A few hours later, when she came to say goodbye, the family asked her to settle an argument they’ve been having over exactly what advice she had given. “As I talked to them, I was amazed.” she said, “All of them had heard the simple instructions I had given just a few hours before. But they had three or four different versions. The most basic details were unclear and confusing. I was surprised, because these were intelligent people.” This episode gave Dr. Meyer her first clue to something every doctor learns sooner or later – most people just don’t listen very well.
Nowadays, she says, she repeats her instructions, and even conducts a reality check with some patients. She asks them to tell her what they think they’re supposed to do. She also provides take-home sheets, which are computer printouts, tailored to the patients’ situation.
Dr. Meyer’s listeners are not unusual. When new or difficult material is presented, almost all listeners are faced with a challenge, because human’s speech lacks the stability and permanence of the printed word. Oral communication is fast-moving and impermanent.
Q29. What did the child’s family members argue about in the hospital?
Q30. What does Dr. Meyer do to ensure her patients understand her instructions?
Q31. What does the speaker say about human speech?
It is logical to suppose that things like good labor relations, good working conditions, good wages and benefits, and job security motivate workers. But one expert, Frederick Herzberg argued that such conditions do not motivate workers, they are merely satisfiers.
Motivators, in contrast, include things such as having a challenging and interesting job, recognition and responsibility. However, even with the development of computers and robotics, there are always plenty of boring, repetitive and mechanical jobs, and lots of unskilled people who have to do them. So how do managers motivate people in such jobs?
One solution is to give them some responsibilities, not as individuals, but as a team. For example, some supermarkets combine office staff, the people who fill the shelves, and the people who work at the checkout into a team. And let them decide what product lines to stock, how to display them, and so on.
Many people now talk about the importance of a company shared values or culture, with which all the staff can identify. For example, being the best hotel chain, or making the best, the most user friendly, or the most reliable products in a particular field. Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets, which ultimately only concern a few people. Unfortunately, there is only a limited number of such goals to go around. And by definition, not all the competing companies in an industry can seriously play in to be the best.
Q32. What can actually motivate workers according to Frederick Herzberg?
Q33. What does the speaker say about jobs in the computer era?
Q34. What do some supermarkets do to motivate employees?
Q35. Why does the speaker say financial targets are less likely to motivate workers?
In the humanities, authors write to inform you in many ways. These methods can be classified into three types of informational writing: factual, descriptive and process.
Factual writing provides background information on an author, composer or artist, or on a type of music, literature or art. Examples of factual writing include notes on a book jacket, or album cover and longer pieces, such as an article describing a style of music, which you might read in a music appreciation course. This kind of writing provides a context for your study of the humanities.
As its name implies, descriptive writing simply describes, or provides an image of a piece of music, art or literature. For example, descriptive writing might list the colors an artists used in the painting, or the instrument a composer included in a musical composition, so as to make pictures or sound in the readers’ mind, by calling up specific details of the work. Descriptive writing in the humanities, particularly in literature, is often mixed with critical writing.
Process writing explains a series of actions that bring about result. It tells the reader how to do something. For example, explaining the technique used to shoot a film. This kind of writing is often found in art, where understanding how an art has created a certain effect is important. Authors may actually use more than one type of technique in a given piece of informational writing.
11. A Get some small change。
12. B Buying a gift for a child。
13. A Taking photographs。
14. B He can provide little useful information。
15. D He knows his own limitations。
16. C Her gym exercise has yielded good results。
17. D The professor's suggestion is constructive。
18. A Indifferent
19. C He has to work during the day。
20. B Learn date processing。
21. C Every Monday, lasting for 12 weeks。
22. A What to bring for registration。
23. D A financial trader。
24. B He considers cooking creative。
25. D It can be a good thing。
26. C. Life was not possible in outer space。
27. C. It has a large ocean under its surface。
28. A. Light is not an essential element to it。
29. B What Dr. Meyer's instructions exactly were
30. D She askes them to repeat what they are supposed to do。
31. A It lacks the stability of the printed word。
32. C Challenging work。
33. A Many tedious jobs continue to be done manually。
34. D Give them responsibilities as part of a team。
35. B They concern a small number of people only。
44. Descriptive writing in the humanities, particularly in literature, is often mixed with critical writing。
45. It tells the reader how to do something. For example, explaining the technique used to shoot a film。
46. Authors may actually use more than one type of technique in a given piece of informational writing。