Part Ⅰ Writing(30minutes)



Nothing can be done except little by little, the French poet Baudelaire Charles once said. Most people, however, often ignore such a truth. So does the little boy shown in the picture. He expresses his worries to his father about disposing of nuclear waste, but is told that he can achieve nothing if he doesn’t empty the dustbin first.
Every single little thing you can do today matters. The truth has been tested for ages, and thousands of great people have set good examples for us. For instance, Leonardo da Vinci, the world-renowned master in painting, starts his career with repeated egg-drawing. Lu Xun, the great man of letters, reminded himself to get up early by inscribing the character “morning” on his desk.
As university students, in my opinion, we should aim high, but at the same time, we shall never measure a task by its size. All in all, only those who have the patience to do simple things perfectly will acquire the skill to do difficult things easily.

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes)
Can Digital Textbook Truly Replace the Print Kind?
The shortcomings of traditional print edition textbooks are obvious: For starters they’re heavy, with the average physics textbook weighing 3.6 pounds. They’re also expensive, especially when you factor in the average college student’s limited budget, typically costing hundreds of dollars every semester.
But the worst part is that print version of textbooks are constantly undergoing revisions. Many professors require that their students use only the latest versions in the classroom, essentially rendering older texts unusable. For students, it means they’re basically stuck with a four pound paper-weight that they can’t sell back.
Which is why digital textbooks, if they live up to their promise, could help ease many of these shortcomings. But till now, they’ve been something like a mirage(幻影)in the distance, more like a hazy(模糊的)dream than an actual reality. Imagine the promise: Carrying all your textbooks in a 1.3 pound iPad? It sounds almost too good to be true.
But there are a few pilot schools already making the transition(过渡)over to digital books. Universities like Cornell and Brown have jumped onboard. And one medical program at the University of California, Irvine, gave their entire class iPads with which to download textbooks just last year.
But not all were eager to jump aboard.
“People were tired of using the iPad textbook besides using it for reading,” says Kalpit Shah, who will be going into his second year at Irvine’s medical program this fall. “They weren’t using it as a source of communication because they couldn’t read or write in it. So a third of the people in my program were using the iPad in class to take notes, the other third were using laptops and the last third were using paper and pencil.”
The reason it hasn’t caught on yet, he tells me, is that the functionality of e-edition textbooks is incredibly limited, and some students just aren’t motivated to learn new study behavior.
But a new application called Inkling might change all that. The company just released an updated version last week, and it’ll be utilized in over 50 undergraduate and graduate classrooms this coming school year.
“Digital textbooks are not going to catch on,” says Inkling CEO Matt Maclnnis as he’s giving me a demo(演示)over coffee. “What I mean by that is the current perspective of the digital textbook is it’s an exact copy of the print book. There’s Course Smart, etc., these guys who take any image of the page and put it on a screen. If that’s how we’re defining digital textbooks, there’s no hope of that becoming a mainstream product.”
He calls Inkling a platform for publishers to build rich multimedia content from the ground up, with a heavy emphasis on real-world functionality. The traditional textbook merely serves as a skeleton.
At first glance Inkling is an impressive experience. After swiping(敲击)into the iPad app (应用软件 ), which you can get for free here, he opens up a few different types of textbooks.
Up first is a chemistry book. The boot time is pretty fast, and he navigates through (浏览 ) a few chapters before swiping into a fully rendered 3D molecule that can be spun around to view its various building blocks. “Publishers give us all of the source media, artwork, videos,” he says, “We help them think through how to actually build something for this platform.”
Next he pulls up a music composition textbook, complete with playable demos. It’s a learning experience that attacks you from multiple sensory directions. It’s clear why this would be something a music major would love.
But the most exciting part about Inkling, to me, is its notation(批注)system. Here’s how it works!
When you purchase a used print book, it comes with its previous owner’s highlights and notes in the margins. It uses the experience of someone who already went through the class to help improve your reading (how much you trust each notation is obviously up to you).
But with lnkling, you can highlight a piece of content and make notes. Here’s where things get interesting, though: If a particularly important passage is highlighted by multiple lnkling users, that information is stored on the cloud and is available for anyone reading the same textbook to come across. That means users have access to notes from not only their classmates and Facebook friends, but anyone who purchased the book across the country. The best comments are then sorted democratically by a voting system, meaning that your social learning experience is shared with the best and brightest thinkers.
As a bonus, professors can even chime in (插话 ) on discussions. They’ll be able to answer the questions of students who are in their class directly via the interactive book.
Of course, Inkling addresses several of the other shortcomings in traditional print as well. Textbook versions are constanly updated, motivating publishers by minimizing production costs (the big ones like McGraw-Hill are already onboard). Furthermore, students will be able to purchase sections of the text instead of buying the whole thing, with individual chapters costing as little as $2.99.
There are, however, challenges.
“It takes efforts to build each book,” Maclnnis tells me. And it’s clear why.
Each interactive textbook is a media-heavy experience built from the ground up, and you can tell that it takes a respectable amount of manpower to put together each one.
For now the app is also iPad-exclusive, and though a few of these educational institutions are giving the hardware away for free, for other students who don’t have such a luxury it’s an added layer of cost — and an expensive one at that.
But this much is clear. The traditional textbook model is and has been broken for quite some time. Whether digitally interactive ones like Inkling actually take off or not remains to be seen, and we probably won’t have a definite answer for the next few years.
However the solution to any problem begins with a step in a direction. And at least for now, that hazy mirage in the distance? A little more tangible (可触摸的 ), a little less of a dream.

Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35minutes)
Section A
Directions: in this section you will hear 8 short conversations, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D)、and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
A. The woman is the manager’s secretary.
B. The man found himself in a wrong place.
C. The man is the manager’s business associate.
D. The woman was putting up a sign on the wall.

A. He needs more time for the report.
B. He needs help to interpret the data.
C. He is sorry not to have helped the woman.
D. He does not have sufficient data to go on.

A. A friend from New York..
B. A message from Tony.
C. A postal delivery.
D. A change in the weather.

A. She is not available until the end of next week..
B. She is not reliable source of information.
C. She does not like taking exams.
D. She does not like psychology.

A. He will help the woman carry the suitcase.
B. The woman’s watch is twenty minutes fast.
C. The woman shouldn’t make such a big fuss.
D. There is no need for the woman to be in a hurry



Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in depth)(25minntes)



Part Vl Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2
87. Although only in her teens, my sister is looking forward to ______________________ (独自去海外学习).
88. It's true that we are not always going to succeed in our ventures, ________________ (即使我们投入了时间和金钱)
89. The old couple hoped that their son ___________________________ (将不辜负他们的期望).
90. So badly ___________________________ (他在车祸中受伤) that he had to stay in the hospital for a whole year.
91. Nowadays, some people still have trouble ___________________________ (从网上获取信息).
87. studying abroad by herself
88. even if we have invested time and money in them
89. would live up to their expectations
90. was he injured/hurt in the accident
91. (in) obtaining information


1. A 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. C 6. A 7. C
8. manpower to put together each one
9. cost
10. remains to be seen
11. B 12. A 13. C 14. B 15. D 16. A 17. D 18. C
19. B 20. A 21. B 22. C 23. A 24. D 25. A
26. D 27. C 28. B 29. D 30. C 31. A 32. B
33. C 34. A 35. D
36. especially
37. driven
38. owned
39. commit
40. debts
41. services
42. operates
43. shocking
44. The editor is frightened by this news, but he is more frightened by the idea of losing his newspaper
45. Anyway, there is a little more to tell, but I don't want to ruin the story for you
46. They are not realistic. But then again, in a way they are, because they deal with human nature
47 H 48 J 49 D 50 I 51 A
52 G 53 B 54 K 55 L 56 C
57 B 58 C 59 D 60 D 61 C
62 B 63 A 64 D 65 A 66 C
87. studying abroad by herself
88. even if we have invested time and money in them
89. would live up to their expectations
90. was he injured/hurt in the accident
91. (in) obtaining information