历年四级听力及MP3下载(百度云)
历年四级听力及MP3下载(百度云)

2012年12月英语四级真题及答案下载(整卷)

2012年12月英语四级真题及答案下载(整卷)


 

一、2012年12月英语四级真题

(点此下载2012年12月英语四级真题与答案)
 
Part Ⅰ Writing(30minutes)
 
2012年12月英语四级作文真题
 
作文范文:
Education Pays
Numerous individuals are questioning the worth of higher education as the job market is depressed, yet the chart of Weekly earnings in 2010 reveals a forceful counter-evidence that the income is in direct proportion to one's educational background. Those with a doctoral degree earn nearly 3.5 times as much as those with less than a high school diploma.
As an increasing number of graduates find it difficult to get a cet4v.com studying for many years, a hot debate arises on whether education pays. Supporters of higher education insisit that education is the ticket to a steadier and better-paying job and the basis of a comfortable life. However, the opponents assume that they would not stake their money on such a risky investment which does not guarantee a promising career.
As far as I am concerned, we should not stop eating for fear of choking. A better education, in most cases, not only means a better job, a higher salary and a lower unemployment rate, but a paving stone to the integrated improvement of oneself. In a broad sense, it is education that contributes to the development and advancement of the whole nation, which in turn benefits every individual. In conclusion, education is a worthy investment.
 
........(完整作文范文请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/221.html)

 
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes)
 
The Magician
The revolution that Steve Jobs led is only just beginning
When it came to putting on a show, nobody else in the computer industry, or any other industry for that matter, could match Steve Jobs. His product launches, at which he would stand alone on a black stage and produce as if by magic an "incredible" new electronic gadget (小器皿) in front of an amazed crowd, were the performances of a master showman. All computers do is fetch and cet4v.com, he once explained, but do it fast enough and "the results appear to be magic". Mr Jobs, who died recently aged 56, spent his life packaging that magic into elegantly designed, easy-to-use products.
The reaction to his death, with people leaving candles and flowers outside Apple stores and politicians singing praises on the internet, is proof that Mr Jobs had become something much more significant than just a clever money-maker. He stood out in three ways-as a technologist, as a corporate (公司的) leader and as somebody who was able to make people love what had previously been impersonal, functional gadgets. Strangely, it is this last quality that may have the deepest effect on the way people live. The era of personal technology is in many ways just beginning.
As a technologist, Mr Jobs was different because he was not an engineer-and that was his great strength. Instead he was keenly interested in product design and aesthetics (美学), and in making advanced technology simple to use. He repeatedly took an existing but half-formed idea-the mouse-driven computer, the digital music player, the smartphone, the tablet computer (平板电脑)-and showed the rest of the industry how to do it properly. Rival firms competed with each other to follow where he led. In the process he brought about great changes in computing, music, telecoms and the news business that were painful for existing firms but welcomed by millions of consumers.
Within the wider business world, a man who liked to see himself as a hippy(嬉皮士), permanently in revolt against big companies, ended up being hailed by many of those corporate giants as one of the greatest chief executives of his time. That was partly due to his talents: showmanship, strategic vision, an astonishing attention to detail and a dictatorial management style which many bosses must have envied. But most of all it was the extraordinary trajectory (轨迹) of his life. His fall from grace in the 1980s, followed by his return to Apple in 1996 after a period in the wilderness, is an inspiration to any businessperson whose career has taken a turn for the worse. The way in which Mr Jobs revived the failing company he had co-founded and turned it into the world's biggest tech firm (bigger even than Bill Gates's Microsoft, the company that had outsmarted Apple so dramatically in the 1980s), sounds like something from a cet4v.com.
But what was perhaps most astonishing about Mr Jobs was the absolute loyalty he managed to inspire in customers. Many Apple users feel themselves to be part of a community, with Mr Jobs as its leader. And there was indeed a personal link. Apple's products were designed to accord with the boss's tastes and to meet his extremely high standards. Every iPhone or MacBook has his fingerprints all over it. His great achievement was to combine an emotional spark with computer technology, and make the resulting product feel personal. And that is what put Mr Jobs on the right side of history, as technological innovation (创新) has moved into consumer electronics over the past decade.
As our special report in this issue (printed before Mr Jobs's death) explains, innovation used to spill over from military and corporate laboratories to the consumer market, but lately this process has gone into reverse. Many people's homes now have more powerful, and more flexible, devices than their offices do; consumer gadgets and online services are smarter and easier to use than most companies' systems. Familiar consumer products are being adopted by businesses, government and the armed forces. Companies are employing in-house versions of Facebook and creating their own "app stores" to deliver software to employees. Doctors use tablet computers for their work in hospitals. Meanwhile, the number of consumers hungry for such gadgets continues to swell. Apple's products are now being snapped up in Delhi and Dalian just as in Dublin and Dallas.
Mr Jobs had a reputation as a control freak (怪人), and his critics complained that the products and systems he designed were closed and inflexible, in the name of greater ease of use. Yet he also empowered millions of people by giving them access to cutting-edge technology. His insistence on putting users first, and focusing on elegance and simplicity, has become deep-rooted in his own company, and is spreading to rival firms too. It is no longer just at Apple that designers ask: "What would Steve Jobs do?"
The gap between Apple and other tech firms is now likely to narrow. This week's announcement of a new iPhone by a management team led by Tim Cook, who replaced Mr Jobs as chief executive in August, was generally regarded as competent but uninspiring. Without Mr Jobs to shower his star dust on the event, it felt like just another product launch from just another technology firm. At the recent unveiling of a tablet computer by Jeff Bezos of Amazon, whose company is doing the best job of following Apple's lead in combining hardware, software, content and services in an easy-to-use bundle, there were several attacks at Apple. But by doing his best to imitate Mr Jobs, Mr Bezos also flattered(抬举) him. With Mr Jobs gone, Apple is just one of many technology firms trying to arouse his uncontrollable spirit in new products.
Mr Jobs was said by an engineer in the early years of Apple to emit a "reality distortion (扭曲) field", such were his powers of persuasion. But in the end he created a reality of his own, channelling the magic of computing into products that reshaped entire industries. The man who said in his youth that he wanted to "put a ding in the universe"

........(完整阅读答案与内容请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/225.html)

 
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35minutes)
 
Section A
Directions: in this section you will hear 8 short conversations, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D)、and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
注意:此部分试题请在答案卡2上作案。
11.
A) He needs another week for the painting.
B) The painting was completed just in time.
C) The building won't open until next week.
D) His artistic work has been well received.
 

........(完整听力内容、mp3与答案请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/75.html

 

Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in depth)(25minntes)
 
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a ward bank.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each them on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage,
 
French fries, washed down with a pint of soda, are a favorite part of fast-food lunches and dinners for millions of American youngsters. But -47– a cue from health experts, a group of 19 restaurant companies are pledging to offer more-healthful menu options for children at a time when –48– is the role of fast food in childhood obesity(肥胖症).
Burger King, the nation’s second-largest fast food chain, for instance, will –49– automatically including French fries and soda in its kids’ meals starting this month, although they will still be –50–. Instead, the company said Tuesday, its employees will ask parents whether they –51– such options as milk or sliced apples before assembling the meals. “We’re asking the customers to –52– what they want,” said Craig Prusher, the chain’s vice president of government relations. Other participating chains, with a –53– of menu options, including Denny’s, Chili’s, Friendly’s and Chevy’s.
As part of the Kids Live Well campaign-expected to be announced –54– Wednesday-participating restaurants must promise to offer at least one children’s meal that has fewer than 600 calories(卡路里), no soft drinks and at least two –55– from the following food groups: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins or low-fat dairy. Among other requirements, they must offer a side dish that meets similar –56–, with fewer than 200 calories and less than 35%of its calories from sugar.

........(完整阅读答案与内容请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/225.html)

 

Part Vl Translation (5 minutes)
 
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。
87. David turned away and walked quickly down the street, ________________ (完全无视他的存在).
88. It is man's intellect __________________ (才使他区别于其他高等动物).
89. I read the book last week, but now it is _______________ (哪儿也找不到了).
90. Hardly had John finished his introductory remark _________ (他就被听众打断了).
91. If the reaction were to take place, _______________ (巨大的能量就会被释放出来).
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
 
翻译答案:
87. completely/totally ignoring her presence
88. that distinguished him from other higher animals
89. nowhere to be found
90. when he was interrupted by the audience
91. tremendous amounts of energy would be released
 
........(更多翻译版本请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/223.html)
 

二、2012年12月英语四级真题答案详解

 
1. B showmanship
细节题。这道题的答案对应原文第一句话,从putting on a show 可以推出showmanship。
when it came to putting on a show, nobody else in the computer industry, or any other industry for that matter, could match Steve Jobs.题干与原文的匹配度比较高,仔细阅读不难得出选择是B
2. A He invented lots of functional gadgets.
细节题。原文第2段第2句话提到了乔布斯突出的三个方面,第三句话明确指出最后一个方面,也就是他在functional gadgets 上的贡献对人们的生活影响最大,对比第二题的选项,应选A
He stood out in three ways—as a technologist, as a corporate leader and as somebody who was able to make people love what had previously been impersonal, functional gadgets. Strangely, it is this last quality that may have the deepest effect on the way people live.
3. B His keen interest in designing elegant and user-friendly gadgets.
细节题。答案在第三段第二句,“obsessed with product design and aesthetics, and with making advanced technology simple to use”。讲到乔布斯痴迷于产品的设计和美学上,以及使高科技简单易用。所以选B
As a technologist, Mr Jobs was different because he was not an engineer—and that was his great strength. Instead he was obsessed with product design and aesthetics, and with making advanced technology simple to use.
4. A One of the greatest chief executives of his time.
细节题。答案在第4段第一句话的后半句“many of those corporate giants as one of the greatest chief executives of his time.”所以选A,其他的选项均不正确。
Within the wider business world, a man who liked to see himself as a hippy, permanently in revolt against big companies, ended up being hailed by many of those corporate giants as one of the greatest chief executives of his time.
5. D an inspiration
细节题。答案在第四段第三句话。“is an inspiration to any businessperson”。所以选D
His fall from grace in the 1980s, followed by his return to Apple in 1996 after a period in the wilderness, is an inspiration to any businessperson whose career has taken a turn for the worse.‘
6. C He commanded absolute loyalty from Apple users.
细节题。由关键词fanatical loyalty 定位到低段第一句话。所以乔布斯成功最令人震惊的地方在于它获得了苹果用户的绝对忠诚。选C
But what was perhaps most astonishing about Mr Jobs was the fanatical loyalty he managed to inspire in customers.
7. D It originates in the consumer market.
细节题。由关键词special report定位到第6段第一句,
As our special report in this week's issue (printed before Mr Jobs's death) explains, innovation used to spill over from military and corporate laboratories to the consumer market, but lately this process has gone into reverse. Many people's homes now have more powerful, and more flexible, devices than their offices do; consumer gizmos and online services are smarter and easier to use than most companies' systems.过去创新是从部队和公司实验室再拓展到消费者市场,现在的情况是反过来。所以选D
8. closed and inflexible
细节题。由关键词 “critics complained”定位到第七段第一句,可知空格处应填写“closed and inflexible”。
Mr Jobs had a reputation as a control freak, and his critics complained that the products and systems he designed were closed and inflexible, in the name of greater ease of use.
9. combined
细节题,由关键词“Amazon”定位到原文第8段 ,所以空格处填combined。
At the recent unveiling of a tablet computer by Jeff Bezos of Amazon, whose company is doing the best job of following Apple's lead in combining hardware, software, content and services in an easy-to-use bundle,
10. reshaping entire industries
细节题,由关键词the magic of computing定位到原文最后一段, 空格处填reshaping entire industries.
But in the end he conjured up a reality of his own, channelling the magic of computing into products that reshaped entire industries.
11A
12A
13D
14A
15A
16D
17A
18B
19C
20A
21D
22D
23C
24C
25A
26C
27D
28D
29B
30B
31D
32D
33D
34C
35B
36selection of
37knowledge
38vegetables
39purchase
40determines
41single
42responsible
43rush
44Partly as a consequence of this limited time, over half of all American homes now have microwave ovens.
45The United States Department of Agriculture and the food industry collect sales statistics and keep accurate records.
46Red meat, which used to be the most popular choice for dinner, is no longer an American favorite.
47.N take a cue from 固定搭配,表示按…的指点行事。
48.D 在快餐在儿童中引起肥胖症的现象受到越来越多关注的背景之下,19家公司宣誓将为儿童提供更多健康的菜单选择,结合上下文可知空格处应填concern
49.M 因为上一段刚刚提到快餐引起儿童肥胖的问题获得了越来越多的重视,第2段顺承上面的内容,讲到汉堡王采取的相应措施:将从本月起停止提供儿童快餐里的炸薯条和苏打汽水.所以填stop 。
50前面说了将停止提供儿童快餐里的炸薯条和苏打汽水,根据although知道内容上应该是一个转折,所以后面应该是still available,仍然可以买得到。
51. 这句话涉及到一个比较,whether...or, 选项中只有prefer一个课用于比较,所以空格处填prefer.
52. 这是紧接着上一句的, 上面刚刚讲到问顾客是选择套餐时是更喜欢选牛奶还是苹果片,这是一种将顾客的需求具体化,所以填specify。
53. a variety of 固定搭配,各种各样的。 在这句话中是指其他参与将为美国儿童提供更健康的事物的快餐店,也提供各种各样的菜单选择。
54. 结合上下文可知,(Kid Live Well)“让孩子们生活的更好”运动应该是全国范围内展开的一场大型运动,所以填nationwide。
55 通过第三段第一句话的后半句可以看出, 儿童的每顿饭中要包含冒号之后部分的食物中的至少两项,所以55空填item ,指的是后面的选项。
56. 前面提到的食物都是低脂、第卡路里的健康食物,最后一句中提到在其他的要求中,餐馆提供的附加菜必须满足同样的要求, 所以填criteria
57. The author tends to believe that high unemployment rate ______?
答案:C. should not stop people from looking for a job.
解析:本题重点考察作者观点。题干问在作者看来,高失业率怎么样?锁定原文第一段,虽然第一段中的bad for the economy,discouraging,change careers等字眼跟选项ABD当中的词汇很类似,但是要注意的是,真正表达作者观点的是第一段最后一句But it actually shouldn’t matter to you nearly as much as you think。其实高失业率跟你没太大关系。包括原文最后一段第一句“So don’t let the headlines fool you into giving up.”所以,综上所述,它不该给你找工作带来阻碍,引申意思就是该怎么办就怎么办,不要在意官方统计的高失业率。
58. Where do most job openings come from?
答案:B. Job turnover
解析:本题属于细节考查题。题干问大部分的职位空缺来自于哪里?根据四个选项,可以用排除法将business expansion排除,因为原文并未提及。再剩下的三个选项中,根据原文第二段的第一句job growth numbers don’t matter to job hunters as much asjob turnover data以及turnovercreates more openings than economic growth does.可以确定人员更替(turnover)提供了更多的职位空缺,因此答案为Job turnover。
59. What does the author say about overall job growth?
答案:A. It doesn’t have much effect on individual job seekers.
解析:本题继续考察作者观点。题干问作者对于整体就业增长(overall job growth)的态度是怎样的,可以定位到原文倒数第三段,关键是第一句:I don’t mean to imply that overall job growth doesn’t have an impact on one’s ability to land a job. 此处用到双重否定,“我并不是说整体就业增长对一个人找工作没有丝毫影响”,也就是说“有一定影响,但是没有那么大”所以答案是A,而BCD选项的confidence,hope,job security原文并未提及。
60. What is the key to landing a job according to the author?
答案:C. Persistence
解析:本题属于细节考查题。定位原文倒数第二段第一句But what often distinguishes those who land jobs from those who don’t is their ability to stay motivated. 关键词是stay motivated
61. What do we learn from the passage about the unemployment figures in the US?
答案:D. They exclude those who have stopped looking for a job.
解析:本题属于细节考查题。根据倒数第二段的最后一句The Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows that 2.7 million people who wanted and were available for work hadn’t looked within the last four weeks and were no longer even classified as unemployed.可知答案选D,那一部分人已经被排除掉了,所以失业率这个数据是有水分的。
完型填空67-86
DABDC ACADB ACDBC BADCB