历年四级听力及MP3下载(百度云)
历年四级听力及MP3下载(百度云)

2012年6月英语四级真题及答案

2012年6月英语四级真题及答案(


 

一、2012年6月英语四级真题

(点此下载2012年6月英语四级真题与答案)
 
Part Ⅰ Writing(30minutes)
 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Excessive Packaging following the outline given below. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
1.目前许多商品存在过度包装的现象
2.出现这一现象的原因
3.我对这一现象的看法和建议
 
作文范文:
Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few.
There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.
In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill.
To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling.
 
........(完整作文范文请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/197.html)

 
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes)
 
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer sheet 1. For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D). For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Small Schools Rising
This year's list of the top 100 high schools shows that today, those with fewer students are flourishing.
Fifty years ago, they were the latest thing in educational reform: big, modern, suburban high schools with students counted in the thousands. As baby boomers(二战后婴儿潮时期出生的人) came of high-school age, big schools promised economic efficiency. A greater choice of courses, and, of course, better football teams. Only years later did we understand the trade-offs this involved: the creation of excessive bureaucracies(官僚机构),the difficulty of forging personal connections between teachers and students.SAT scores began dropping in 1963;today,on average,30% of students do not complete high school in four years, a figure that rises to 50% in poor urban neighborhoods. While the emphasis on teaching to higher, test-driven standards as set in No Child Left Behind resulted in significantly better performance in elementary(and some middle)schools, high schools for a variety of reasons seemed to have made little progress.
Size isn't everything, but it does matter, and the past decade has seen a noticeable countertrend toward smaller schools. This has been due ,in part ,to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has invested $1.8 billion in American high schools, helping to open about 1,000 small schools-most of them with about 400 kids each with an average enrollment of only 150 per grade, About 500 more are on the drawing board. Districts all over the country are taking notice, along with mayors in cities like New York, Chicago and San Diego. The movement includes independent public charter schools, such as No.1 BASIS in Tucson, with only 120 high-schoolers and 18 graduates this year. It embraces district-sanctioned magnet schools, such as the Talented and Gifted School, with 198 students, and the Science and Engineering Magnet,with383,which share a building in Dallas, as well as the City Honors School in Buffalo, N.Y., which grew out of volunteer evening seminars for students. And it includes alternative schools with students selected by lottery(抽签),such as H-B

........(完整阅读答案与内容请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/211.html)

 
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35minutes)
 
Section A
Directions: in this section you will hear 8 short conversations, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D)、and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
注意:此部分试题请在答案卡2上作案。
11.
A)Trying to sketch a map
B)Painting the dining room.
C)Discussing a house plan.
D)Cleaning the kitchen.

........(完整听力内容、mp3与答案请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/73.html

 

Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in depth)(25minntes)
 
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a ward bank Read the passage through carefully before making your choices Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each them on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage,
One in six. Believe it or not, that's the number of Americans who struggle with hanger To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding Action Month. As part of its 30 Ways in 30 Days program, It's asking 48 across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agencies in its network provide low-income individuals and families with the fuel they need to 49 .
It's the kind of work that's done every day at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church in San Antonio, People who 50 at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of each month aren't looking for God-they're there for something to eat, St. Andrew's runs a food pantry(食品堂)that 51 the city and several of the 52 towns. Janet Drane is its manager.
In the wake of the 53 .the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 54 that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal What's most surprising is that 36% of them live in 55 where at least one adult is working."It used to be that one job was all you needed." says St. Andrew's Drane."The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they're still right on the edge 56 ."

........(完整阅读答案与内容请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/211.html)

 

Part Vl Translation (5 minutes)
 
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。
87.Those flowers looked as if they_____________________(好长时间没有浇水了).
88.Fred bought a car last week. It is______________________(比我的车便宜一千英镑).
89.This TV program is quite boning We might______________(不妨听听音乐)
90.He left his office in a hurry, with______________________(灯亮着,门开着)
91.The famous novel is said to __________________________(已经被译成多种语言).
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
 
翻译答案:
87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time(好长时间没有浇水了).
【点评】they即flowers做主语,用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时,looked过去式相比,后面应该过去完成时。
88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine(比我的车便宜一千英镑).
【点评】简单的比较级,cheaper than。不需要重复car,直接用mine代替my car.
89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music (不妨听听音乐).
【点评】might as well“不妨”,原句中有might。listen to the music,听音乐。
90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open(灯亮着,门开着).
【点评】with短语做伴随状语,逻辑主语和表语之间的系动词省略。
91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages(已经被译成多种语言).
【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型,“已经被译”,用完成时被动语态have been translated,介词用into。
 
........(更多翻译版本请访问:http://cet4.hlyy.in/199.html)
 

二、2012年6月英语四级真题答案详解

 
1. D) providing good education for baby boomers.
2. D) Students’ performance declined.
3. D) They are mostly small in size.
4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.
5. C) their college-level test participation.
6. B) Their school performance was getting worse.
7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers.
8. Simplicity
9. different measures
10. tough subjects
11. A) Discussing a house plan.
12. A) She is tired of the food in the canteen.
13. A) Listening to some loud music.
14. B) The man can dress casually for the occasion.
15. A) Grey pants made from pure cotton.
16. B) Its location.
17. A) Travel overseas.
18. D) It is a good bargain.
19. A) Hosting an evening TV program.
20. C) He worked as a salesman.
21. A) He wanted to be his own boss.
22. B) They are all the man’s friends.
23. B) It remains a major part of industrial activity.
24. A) Transport problems.
25. C) Possible locations for a new factory.
26. B) They had known each other since childhood.
27. B) At Joe’s house.
28. D) Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.
29. B) In his building’s parking lot.
30. C) It had been stolen by someone.
31. D) In the city garage.
32. B) The mysteriousness of creativity.
33. D) It is the source of all artistic work.
34. A) Creative imagination.
35. C) It is part of everyday life.
Students have been complaining more and more about stolen property. Radios, cell phones, bicycles, pocket (36)calculators, and books have all been reported stolen. Are there enough campus police to do the job?
There are 20 officers in the campus security division. Their job is to (37)handle crime, accidents, lost and found (38)items, and traffic problems on campus. More than half of their time is spent directing traffic and writing parking tickets. (39)Responding promptly to accidents and other (40)emergencies is important, but it is their smallest job.
Dealing with crime takes up the rest of their time. Very (41)rarely did any violent crimes actually (42)occur.In the last five years there have been no (43)murders, seven robberies, and about sixty other violent attacks, most of these involving fights at parties. On the other hand, (44)there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property, which usually involves breaking windows or lights, or writing on walls. The thefts are not the carefully planned burglaries that you see in movies. (45)Things get stolen when it is just easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched.
Do we really need more police?Hiring more campus police would cost money, possibly making our tuition go up again.(46) A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things.
47. E. domestic
48. C. communities
49. O. survive
50. H. gather
51. M. serves
52. N. surroundings
53. J. recession
54. K. reported
55. I. households
56. F. financially
67. C avoid
68. B however
69. D failing
70. C stages
71. A on
72. A predicts
73. A through
74. B and
75. B sensitive
76. D experience
77. B as well as
78. C emotions
79. D to
80. A inevitable
81. D receive
82. A with
83. D quality
84. B positive
85. A memories
86. B increased